1. Adriaan Rijllart

    Thank you Fab, that’s a good one. Testing code with reference data and known results is so important.
    Happy wiring,

    • Adriaan,
      You are correct, specially in this case. When we did an array with a single waveform, we couldn’t reproduce the problem. We had to remove the DAQmx read from the code to experiment with different waveform shapes, until we found the right combination. Using simple numbers and writing on paper what we were expecting to see made it obvious that we were getting the average of the last value on each waveform and not the average of all the values in the waveforms.

      Thanks for reading,

  2. Sooooo, I was the one who led Fabiola to understand what was going on. She described the problem in a few sentences and I said words to the effect of, “I bet you have an array of waveforms converting to an array of doubles.”

    I also wagered that the behavior was documented somewhere, but not any place that anybody would find it. I was overly optimistic about this; it’s not documented that well anywhere. There is a page about the Dynamic Data Type (affectionately called “The DDT”) that describes this behavior, but it’s pretty buried. There’s also a knowledgebase entry on ni.com.

    There were some internal reasons we implemented it this way, but one of the driving use cases was the DDT, which was introduced in LabVIEW 7 Express, along with the concept of Express VIs. This was in the days when LabVIEW’s marketing material mostly consisted of “LabVIEW is easy!” The DDT is the universal, easy-to-use, do-everything data type. It can contain Booleans, scalars, analog waveforms–you name it. It’s Magic! And as Norm points out above, it magically coerces to other things and does something you didn’t even know you needed, without breaking any wires. Internally, the DDT is implemented as–you guessed it–an array of waveforms. So, the waveform data type was “enhanced” to have behavior that suited the magic desired for the DDT.

    So, an example of the thinking was that if you acquired some temperature data (stored in a DDT as an array of waveforms), and wired it to an array of scalars, you would want the most recent temperature measurement of each channel. Voila!

    My main complaint about the DDT and Express VIs was that they led you down a path where you didn’t need to learn about arrays, clusters, and loops. And then when you ran out of steam with what Express could offer, you had a big step function to learn those fundamental programming concepts–especially if you tried to mix Express and non-Express. “LabVIEW was easy, but now it’s hard.”

    But I digress.

    These days, a better slogan is “LabVIEW is Amazing!”. fully acknowledging that LabVIEW is powerful, but not always easy.

    • Digress away Brian,
      I completely agree with your comment.
      “My main complaint about the DDT and Express VIs was that they led you down a path where you didn’t need to learn about arrays, clusters, and loops.”
      It’s not as though arrays, clusters and loops are actually that difficult a concept to get your head around and learning them will help with your future programming efforts. So why short cut this?
      I think of expressVIs as a bit of a leg-up if you’re struggling with a blank page, so I’m not 100% against them.
      And I’ve lost count the amount of “discussions” I’ve had about the LabVIEW is easy spiel and the damage it does to many an engineering career.

      Thanks for posting btw Fab!

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